The coming week will be crucial to try to find a way into the crisis on Iran's nuclear program, peaceful, as Tehran, or military purposes, according to the West, with a surprise meeting in Tehran on Monday and a second in Iraq, Baghdad, May 23
In Tehran, the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Yukiya Amano of Japan, accompanied by the chief inspectors of the UN agency, the Belgian Herman Nackaerts, Sunday and Monday will make a surprise visit to ask Iran for greater cooperation to raise suspicions about the nature of its controversial nuclear program. On site, he will meet with Iranian chief negotiator on nuclear issues, Saeed Jalili.
The meeting in Tehran supersedes the one provided on Monday in Vienna, which was meant to respond to two days of talks on 14 and 15 May in the Austrian capital, the first meeting after two failed missions of the IAEA in Iran in early year. The Islamic Republic was then denied access to the Parchin military site.
For a Western diplomat at the IAEA, "the surprise decision to go Yukiya Amano himself in Tehran is Iran's bluff about his genuine intention to address the concern of the international community."
May 23, in Baghdad, Iranian officials meet with the group "5 +1" (the five countries with veto power in Security Council of the United Nations - United States, Russia, China, France, Great Britain - plus Germany) and the European Union (EU).
In 2009 and 2011, Geneva and Istanbul, discussions within the same framework had yielded nothing but another visit to Istanbul on April 13 and 14 was considered "useful and constructive" by the representative of the diplomacy of the European Union, Catherine Ashton.
Both meetings are another attempt to find a diplomatic solution to a crisis that has escalated since the position of U.S. President Barack Obama in January 2009, which was then declared open to dialogue with Tehran if Iran " loose fist. "
Since then, Iran has dramatically increased its nuclear activities: Tehran proceeds with uranium enrichment up to 20%, significant step toward enriching uranium to 90%, allowing the manufacture of atomic weapons .
The international community, fearing access to nuclear weapons to the Islamic Republic, has sanctioned the country, including its vital oil sector.
Israel said it would launch military strikes against Iran if diplomacy fails. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, has criticized May 18 Iran of seeking to "save time".
In March, Obama had preferred to focus on diplomacy but said it "would not hesitate to use force if necessary." The House of Representatives on May 17 has the pressure on U.S. President, "to prevent the Iranian government to acquire the ability to manufacture a nuclear weapon."
Iran wants the international community to recognize his right to a peaceful nuclear program, that economic sanctions be lifted and that the threat of military action dissipates.
For their part, the West - China and Russia have a much more moderate position - requiring the Islamic Republic a series of evidence as to the non-military nuclear activities.
A priori, no spectacular result is expected after the two meetings: "A positive outcome of the meeting in Baghdad would allow the continuation of dialogue", thus considered a diplomat of the Group of "5 +1".